Hum Reprod. (搶鮮版) 出處:第二名的不孕症期刊
Advance Access published August 11, 2012
確定了因素分析的結果：兩種飲食模式。 “西方”模式的特點是攝入量高的紅色和加工肉類，精緻的穀物，比薩，零食，高能量飲料和糖果。 “謹慎” 飲食模式的特點是魚的攝入量高的，雞，水果，蔬菜，豆類和粗糧。謹慎的飲食呈現較好的精子快速活動力正相關％逐步游動的精子在多變量模型（P-trend=0.04的趨勢）。在最高四分位數的謹慎飲食男性高11.3％（95％CI為1.3，21.3）％逐步活動精子與男性相比，在最低四分位數。謹慎的模式是精子的濃度和形態無關。西方的模式是不相關的任何精液參數。
Hum. Reprod. Advance Access published August 11, 2012
Dietary patterns and semen quality in young men
1Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA 2Division of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, University
of Murcia School of Medicine, Murcia, Spain 3Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, School of Medicine, University of Rochester,
Rochester, NY, USA 4Department of Preventive Medicine, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA 5Department of
Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA 6Channing Division of Network Medicine, Department of Medicine,
Brigham and Women’s Hospital and Harvard Medical School , Boston , MA , USA
*Correspondence address. Harvard School of Public Health, Building II 3rd Floor, 655 Huntington Avenue, Boston , MA 02115 , USA .
Tel: +1-704 737-3314; E-mail: email@example.com
Submitted on April 13, 2012; resubmitted on June 13, 2012; accepted on July 11, 2012
study question: Are different dietary patterns associated with semen parameters in young men?
study answer: The consumption of a Prudent dietary pattern was significantly associated with higher progressive sperm motility and
unrelated to sperm concentration and morphology. The consumption of a Western dietary pattern was unrelated to conventional semen
what is known already: Over the past decades there has been evidence of a concomitant decline in sperm and diet quality. Yet
whether diet composition influences semen quality remains largely unexplored.
study design, size, duration: The Rochester Young Men’s Study (n 188) was a cross-sectional study conducted between
2009 and 2010 at the University of Rochester .
participants, setting, methods: Men aged 18–22 years were included in this analysis. Diet was assessed via food frequency
questionnaire and dietary patterns were identified by factor analysis. Linear regression was used to analyze the relation between diet patterns
and conventional semen quality parameters (sperm concentration, progressive motility and morphology) adjusting for abstinence time, multivitamin
use, race, smoking status, BMI, recruitment period, moderate-to-intense exercise and total calorie intake.
results: Two dietary patterns were identified by factor analysis. The ‘Western’ pattern was characterized by high intake of red and processed
meat, refined grains, pizza, snacks, high-energy drinks and sweets. The ‘Prudent’ pattern was characterized by high intake of fish,
chicken, fruit, vegetables, legumes and whole grains. The Prudent pattern was positively associated with percent progressively motile
sperm in multivariate models (P-trend= 0.04). Men in the highest quartile of the Prudent diet had 11.3% (95% CI 1.3, 21.3) higher % progressively
motile sperm compared with men in the lowest quartile. The Prudent pattern was unrelated to sperm concentration and morphology.
The Western pattern was not associated with any semen parameter.